Sponsored Links


USDA Home Loans – Part 2

This is the second part of the USDA Home Loans for Single Family Dwellings Article. To read the first part <click here>.

You can see an example of the income levels permitted for both types of loans in the displayed screen at the end of previous post.

If you are eligible for a direct housing loan or a guaranteed housing loan, here is a summary of how each type works:
Section 502 Direct Rural Housing Loans
Purpose:

Section 502 Direct Rural Housing Loans are primarily used to help low-income individuals or households purchase homes in rural areas. Funds can be used to build, repair, renovate or relocate a home, or to purchase and prepare sites, including providing water and sewage facilities.
Eligibility:

Applicants for direct loans from HCFP must have very low or low incomes. Very low income is defined as below 50 percent of the area median income (AMI); low income is between 50 and 80 percent of AMI; moderate income is 80 to 100 percent of AMI. Click here to review area income limits for this program. Families must be without adequate housing, but be able to afford the mortgage payments, including taxes and insurance, which are typically 24 percent of an applicant’s income. However, payment subsidy is available to applicants to enhance repayment ability. Applicants must be unable to obtain credit elsewhere, yet have reasonable credit histories.
Terms:

Loans are for up to 33 years (38 for those with incomes below 60 percent of AMI and who cannot afford 33-year terms). The term is 30 years for manufactured homes. The promissory note interest rate is set by HCFP based on the Government’s cost of money. However, that interest rate is modified by payment assistance subsidy.
Standards:

Under the Section 502 program, housing must be modest in size, design, and cost. Modest housing is property that is considered modest for the area, does not have market value in excess of the applicable area loan limit, and does not have certain prohibited features. Houses constructed, purchased, or rehabilitated must meet the voluntary national model building code adopted by the state and HCFP thermal and site standards. Manufactured housing must be permanently installed and meet the HUD Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards and HCFP thermal and site standards.
Section 502 Guaranteed Rural Housing Loan
Purpose:

Guaranteed Rural Housing Loans are primarily used to help low-income individuals or households purchase homes in rural areas. Funds can be used to build, repair, renovate or relocate a home, or to purchase and prepare sites, including providing water and sewage facilities.
Eligibility:

Applicants for loans may have an income of up to 115% of the median income for the area. Area income limits for this program are here. Families must be without adequate housing, but be able to afford the mortgage payments, including taxes and insurance. In addition, applicants must have reasonable credit histories.
Approved lenders under the Single Family Housing Guaranteed Loan program include:

Any State housing agency;
Lenders approved by:
HUD for submission of applications for Federal Housing Mortgage Insurance or as an issuer of Ginnie Mae mortgage backed securities;
The U.S. Veterans Administration as a qualified mortgagee;
Fannie Mae for participation in family mortgage loans;
Freddie Mac for participation in family mortgage loans;
Any FCS (Farm Credit System) institution with direct lending authority;
Any lender participating in other USDA Rural Development and/or Farm Service Agency guaranteed loan programs.

Terms:

Loans are for 30 years. The promissory note interest rate is set by the lender.
There is no required down payment. The lender must also determine repayment feasibility, using ratios of repayment (gross) income to PITI and to total family debt.
Standards:

Under the Section 502 program, housing must be modest in size, design, and cost. Houses constructed, purchased, or rehabilitated must meet the voluntary national model building code adopted by the state and HCFP thermal and site standards. New Manufactured housing must be permanently installed and meet the HUD Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards and HCFP thermal and site standards. Existing manufactured housing will not be guaranteed unless it is already financed with an HCFP direct or guaranteed loan or it is Real Estate Owned (REO) formerly secured by an HCFP direct or guaranteed loan.
Approval:

Rural Development officials have the authority to approve most Section 502 loan guarantee requests.

Basic Instruction: 7 CFR Part 1980.

What’s Next?

In my next article, I’ll talk about USDA Multi-Family Housing Loans. Just click here on this line and you will be taken to the next post in this series after I’ve posted it.

Good luck!